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Thyroid and Infertility

Thyroid and Infertility

Thyroid imbalance is an extremely common symptoms of infertility in women in the country today. This is due to the food pollution and other lifestyle factors. Having thyroid imbalance can be a serious trouble during conception. It’s always advisable to bring the thyroid levels to normal even before you start trying to conceive.
Thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland placed in your throat. This gland is completely responsible for the body growth. All the major activities in the body are taken care by this gland.

What levels should be a concern? Higher or lower
There are two kinds of imbalances.

  • Hyperthyroid: Excess generation of the hormone in the gland leads to hyperthyroidism. You may experience slight depression, anxiety and weight loss.
  • Hypothyroid: Here, the generation of the hormones are lesser than the desired levels. In this case you my face issues related to metabolism. Your weight increases and fatigue too.

How does thyroid affect fertility?
Thyroid levels obstruct your capacity of conception. This may lead to symptoms of infertility in women.
Lower level of the thyroid hormone beats your sex hormones. Oestrogen and progesterone are the two leads which maintain a healthy reproductive system. For if these are disturbed, the entire cycle goes on a toss!
Ovulation is a process where in your uterus releases an egg each month. This needs equal co-ordination from the brain. Low thyroid levels hamper the pituitary gland which in turn does not synchronize with the ovaries for the release of an egg.
If the egg gets fertilized, due to the low thyroid levels, the egg does not gain enough strength to plant itself on the wall of the uterus. The fertilized egg travels down from the uterus causing miscarriage.
When low levels of thyroid are left untreated, there are chances that your ovaries may stop the process of ovulation!
With elevated thyroid levels, even if one conceives, carrying the baby to term shall be near to impossible. The growth of your baby gets affected.
For a women trying to conceive or pregnant, it is of prime importance to set the levels to normal. This will ensure a safe pregnancy and birthing.
How does the body indicate decreased or elevated levels of thyroid?
Your body shall definitely give you signals. Its essential to act immediately!!


  • Palpitations
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Superfast nail growth
  • Shivering limbs
  • Irregular periods
  • Unexplained weakness



  • Decreased concentration
  • Sudden Increase in weight
  • Frequent cold
  • Decreased immunity
  • Body ache
  • Fatigue
  • Weak and brittle nails.
  • Irregular periods

Shall I ever be able to conceive with abnormal thyroid levels?
Thyroid disorders need to be addressed immediately. This issue can be solved with constant efforts and right medication. Fertility levels rise high when thyroid levels are brought to normal levels. This may lead to symptoms of infertility in women.

  • While infertility arrives due to disturbed thyroid levels, its most of the times the graves disease that stands to be the culprit. Also sometimes there are some autoimmune disorders that lead to the protein loss leaving the ovaries shrunk promoting no ovulation! Getting evaluated and treating these disorders in the very first thing you can do.
  • Stress management is also on the hit list. High stress levels increase cortisol levels. High cortisol levels interferes the regulation of thyroid production.
  • Your nutritional knowledge might help you big time!! Refined foods and grains, sugar, soy products, caffeine are the foods that shall not find a place in your grocery list anymore. Cut off with cabbage and broccoli for a longer duration.
  • Maintain correct intake of salt. Iodine in your body is directly related to the thyroid health.

When it comes to conception or carrying your baby to term, there shall be some obstacles as no woman has been inbuilt perfectly. Wisdom lies in diagnosing the problem and treating it completely. Staying practical shall give you sure shot results rather than involving emotions in them!

About the doctor
Dr. Seema Jain is a gynecologist & fertility specialist at CheQKmate, renowned Fertility & IVF Center in Pune PCMC providing support and care. Begin your journey towards parenthood with Dr. Seema Jain, Gynecologist & Fertility Specialist at CheQKmate, an advanced Fertility & IVF in Pune, PCMC. As a dedicated fertility specialist, she offers comprehensive care, ensuring tailor-made solutions. If you’re searching for the best fertility doctor in Pimple Saudagar, Pune, trust Dr. Seema Jain’s expertise. Our fertility clinic near you is committed to providing unparalleled services in a state-of-the-art facility.
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